Published on Monday 06 December, 2021 00:08:59

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is a Regional Economic Community comprising of 16 Member States, namely; Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Established in 1992, SADC is committed to Regional Integration and poverty eradication within Southern Africa through economic development and ensuring peace and security.

  1. In 1996, the Council of Ministers approved the establishment of the Annual SADC Secondary School Essay Competition to support the process of Regional co-operation and integration in the Region. The SADC Secretariat, as a customary practice, has organized the SADC students Essay Writing Competition for the year 2022. The Essay writing competition is intended to broaden knowledge of the secondary school going population on SADC activities and is open to Form 1 up to Form 6 students. The students are required to begin researching on the topic prior to writing and submitting their work to their Heads of School.
  2. The topic for the 2022 SADC Secondary School Essay Competition is “How can SADC boost productive capacities in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic?” The topic is derived from the theme of the 41st Ordinary SADC Summit of Heads of State and Government, which is; “Bolstering Productive Capacities in the Face of COVID-19 Pandemic for Inclusive, Sustainable, Economic and Industrial Transformation”.  The Summit theme seeks to accelerate the implementation of the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) 2020–2030, in particular, the Industrialization and Market Integration pillar.
  1. The set of questions below are meant to guide entrants when responding to the question above. In answering the question above, secondary school learners should ensure that they address the questions listed below in their essays;


  1. From your understanding, how did COVID-19 spread so fast and how is it different from other pandemics that you have witnessed in the past, and what measures were put in place to contain its spread and mitigate its impact? (240 words, 20 points)
  2. Discuss in length the effects and impact of COVID-19 pandemic in different sectors of the economy, (e.g mining, tourism, manufacturing, agriculture, health, migration, cross border movement of goods and trade) and state the measures needed to support these sectors. (240 words, 20 points)
  3. How is bolstering productive capacities an effective measure to mitigate the effects of COVID-19 pandemic, particularly, for the region to continue growing its economy, to support inclusive, sustainable, and industrial transformation?  (240 words, 20 points)
  4. Discuss the long term solutions and interventions which can be used as a benchmark in dealing with future threats and outbreaks similar to the COVID19 pandemic? (240 words, 20 points)
  5. Discuss the lessons you learnt through the period of the COVID-19 pandemic taking into consideration challenges and successes that were experienced. (240 words, 20 points).

For more information, students can also access the SADC Regional Response to COVID-19 bulletins developed during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in a number of countries declaring state of emergencies in accordance with their national legislation:

  1. Head of Schools are supposed to ensure that the students adhere to the following guidelines:
  1. The essay should have 1200 words as prescribed above;
  2. All essays must be typed and submitted in electronic version in Microsoft Word document format, and in hard copies;
  3. Students should sign and initialize each page of the hard copy document to make sure that they have not been altered;
  4. The essay shall be written in English language;
  5. The front page or cover page will display the name, sex, class, school address and stamp, Headmistress/Headmaster’s email address, signature and phone number, region and country;
  6. The title of the essay should be written on the cover page (students should not paraphrase the title);
  7. All submissions must be accompanied with a filled SADC Secondary School Essay Competition Entry Form attached; and
  8. All reference materials must be written on the last page.
  1. Students are expected to begin writing immediately and submit their essays to their Heads of school. The Heads of School will then be expected to constitute a marking panel which will choose best essays of the school. The panel should go through the essays (Please do not mark the essays) and choose three best essays to be submitted to The Permanent Secretary Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Government City- Mtumba, Afya Street, P.O. Box 10, 40479 DODOMA not later than 15th March, 2022.
  2. For more information visit the Websites: and



Sylvia T. Lupembe


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  • Name:    Permanent Secretary
  • Address: Government City
  • Mtumba Area - Afya Street
  •               P.O.Box 10
  •               40479 Dodoma
  • Tel:        +255 26 296 3533
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