The Vocational Education and Training Act was enacted by the Parliament in 1994 to guide the vocational education and training (VET) system in Tanzania. The Act established the Vocational Education and Training Authority (VETA) as an autonomous government agency charged with an overall responsibility of Coordinating, Regulating, Financing, Providing and Promoting vocational education and training.
"An excellent VET system that is capable of supporting national social economic development in a global context".
"To ensure provision of quality VET that meets labour market needs, through effective regulation, coordination, financing, and promotion, in collaboration with stakeholders".
VETA is charged with a role of regulating VET in the country through:
Setting training standards
Coordinating Curriculum Development
Setting of Training Standards The Vocational Education and Training Act requires that the quality of VET be improved. The key elements for ensuring that VET institutions offer training of the required quality include the use of:
Occupational standards defined by end users (employers) in curriculum design.
National criteria for the registration and accreditation of VET institutions
Assessment and certification systems and procedures based on national standards
After the adoption of the CBET system, the setting of occupational standards upon which learning is based became an integral part of the system. The process starts with the deployment of local experts in the respective occupational areas to develop DACUM charts which are then used to develop occupational unit standards classified into three levels:
Level 1 Competencies to carry out routine and predictable occupational duties and tasks under supervision.
Level 2 Competencies to carryout a significant range of occupational duties and tasks or specialized occupational duties and tasks, some of which are complex or non-routine. Individual responsibility may be required and collaboration with others, working in groups, or teams are normally required.
Level 3 Competencies to carry out a broad range of occupational duties and tasks or specialized occupational duties and tasks, mainly complex and non-routine in wide variety of contexts. Considerable responsibility and autonomy are generally required, guidance and supervision of others are mostly required.
Registration of VET Institutions
VETA is responsible for accrediting and registering institutions based on set criteria. Under the approved 2003 VET regulations, a VET institution is assessed on its ability to qualify students at each one of the 3 VET levels and no VET institution is allowed to operate without being registered with VETA. The regulations call for institutions to be frequently reviewed to assess quality level and institutions can be deregistered if the quality level is not satisfactory. The regulations also call for adequate information to be provided to the public regarding the quality of training offered by respective VET institutions and the relevance of courses so that customers can make informed choices. VET institutions abide by inspection rules and registration procedures.
The first regulations for registering VET institutions were issued by the VET Board in 1997 which set standard requirements for registration. A VET institution will be registered if the Board is satisfied that the institution: -
(a) carries on vocational training of the type envisaged by the Act;
(b) follows a syllabus and standards issued or approved by the Board;
(c) is housed in premises suitable for carrying out vocational training and is equipped with sufficient facilities for such
(d) has a sufficient number of qualified teachers and instructors;
(e) is willing and able to abide by regulations issued by the Board from time to time;
(f) has not previously been deleted from registration and has not failed to comply with conditions for re-registration;
(g) follows admission policies acceptable to the Board.
The regulation also laid down conditions for cancellation of registration status if the Board is satisfied that the institution no longer abides by the regulations issued. In particular, the Board will cancel registration of a VET institution if it is satisfied that: -
(a) the vocational training centre has ceased to offer vocational education and training.
(b) any of the requirements for registration specified in the regulations has ceased to apply.
(c) an inspector's report recommending cancellation of registration has been accepted and acted upon by the Board.(d) the owners due to financial or administrative reasons, are unwilling or have failed to manage the vocational training
centre and have applied to the Board for cancellation of registration.
Cancellation of registration simply means that the VET Board no longer recognizes the VET institution